Still, it enabled ordinary to enjoy a standard of living far better than that of their forebears. Traditional agrarian societies had generally been more stable and progressed at a much slower rate before the advent of the Industrial Revolution and the emergence of the modern capitalist economy.
Women mostly found jobs in domestic service, textile factories, and piece work shops. They also worked in the coal mines. For some, the Industrial Revolution provided independent wages, mobility and a better standard of living.
For the majority, however, factory work in the early years of the 19th century resulted in a life of hardship. The following selections are testimonies from England and Wales collected by Parliamentary commissions who began to investigate the industrial employment of women and children in the early s.
Inspectors visited mills, mines and shops taking evidence from workers to see ways in which the Industrial Revolution affected women and families. The sources, along with illustrations and a workforce chart, reveal the following points: Working conditions were often unsanitary and the work dangerous.
Education suffered because of the demands of work. Home life suffered as women were faced with the double burden of factory work followed by domestic chores and child care.
Men assumed supervisory roles over women and received higher wages. Unsupervised young women away from home generated societal fears over their fate. As a result of the need for wages in the growing cash economy, families became dependent on the wages of women and children There was some worker opposition to proposals that child and female labor should be abolished from certain jobs.Urbanization.
One of the defining and most lasting features of the Industrial Revolution was the rise of cities. In pre-industrial society, over 80% of people lived in rural areas. The Industrial Revolution was a transformation of human life circumstances that occurred in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries (roughly to ) in Britain, the United States, and Western Europe due in large measure to advances in the technologies of industry.
The Industrial Revolution was characterized by a complex . The Industrial Revolution had a lasting effect on class structure, urbanization and lifestyle. In this lesson, we will learn how the Industrial Revolution changed various aspects of European society. The Agricultural Revolution was a period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe.
Industrial Revolution is the name given to changes that took place in Great Britain during the period from roughly to It was originated by German author Friedrich Engels (–) in The industrial revolution was the time where the world shifted from the old manual laboring ways of the past, to the new factory and machinery age we live in today.