Should you E-mail the nice folks running the NVR today, they would probably thank you for pointing out the ommission and add the missing ships. The story, of course, gets stranger, still.
InLuther Standing Bear saw the Sioux warriors return from the large-scale attack on a big hunting group of Pawnees in Massacre CanyonNebraska. Later he would write about it and be one of the very few to give a Sioux eyewitness account of the lead up to the attack on the hunters, and of his father's role in the battle.
Luther's father was aware of white peoples' great numbers and influence, and believed that education was the path the Indians must follow in order to survive in the 'white world'.
Luther was taught to be brave and unafraid to die, and was determined to do heroic deeds to bring honor to his family.
Standing Bear's father celebrated his son's heroism by inviting his friends to a gathering, where he gave away seven horses and all the goods in his dry goods store. He randomly pointed at the symbols on a wall and named himself Luther, and his father's name became his surname.
Like many other Carlisle students, Luther had high personal regard for Captain Pratt. Carlisle gave its students opportunities to interact and live in the white world.
During the summer months students were enrolled in an "outing program" which found them in jobs with white families for which they earned their first wages.
Whites believed the Indian children could not be civilized while wearing moccasins and blankets. Their hair was cut because in some mysterious way long hair stood in the path of our development.
They were issued the clothes of white men. High collar stiff-bosomed shirts and suspenders fully three inches in width were uncomfortable. White leather boots caused actual suffering.
Standing Bear later wrote that red flannel underwear caused 'actual torture. We did not believe it. When the moon eclipsed, we readily believed our teacher about geography and astronomy. Those who remained at school were sent to the mountains for a vacation trip.
I was among the number. When we reached our camping place, we pitched out tents like soldiers all in a row. Captain Pratt brought along a lot of feathers and some sinew, and we made bows and arrows.
Many white people came to visit the Indian camp, and seeing us shooting with the bow and arrow, they would put nickels and dimes in a slot of wood and set them up for us to shoot at.The importance of knowledge about our educational and cultural history is critical in this time of increasing diversity in the United States.
The depth of the study and the rigor of thought in this volume is impressive and the use of the volume by teachers, teacher educators, and policy makers will be a benefit to all children and their families.
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In addition to being one of life’s great pleasures, a good night’s sleep is also crucial to our health and well-being. Yet almost half of all Americans between the ages of 13 and 64 never (or rarely) get a full eight hours’ worth of undisturbed sleep, and a whopping 91% of adults in the United States say that they always or sometimes wake up during the night.